Need a fun and easy team-building challenge for back to school? We have you covered with our three favorite back to school STEM icebreakers! Whether you are involved with preschool kids, high school stucents, or somewhere in between, read on for STEM activities to get your students moving and working together as a team!
Activity 1: Space Docking Challenge
Space exploration is all about teamwork. Each NASA rocket launch takes years of preparation and hundreds of scientists and engineers working as a team. This ensures that a safe and reliable rocket is built to hurl humans into space! Once on the International Space Station (ISS), astronauts must work together to survive the hazards of space (just watch any space movie). But do you know how astronauts move from their rocket to the ISS? A pilot carefully navigates the space vehicle to a docking port. Check out this video of SpaceX docking to the ISS.
To simulate this maneuver, my Space Club students complete the Space Docking Challenge. As shown below, eight students work together to move a PVC ring with a ball balanced on top (the astronauts) to dock with a larger ring (the ISS) placed on the ground. This activity is easily adaptable to any age by increasing the length of the string, size of the ball, or distance to the larger ring. We've done this activity with ages ranging from preschool to adults! You can find the complete instructions in our back to school icebreakers guide. This challenge is a big hit during our STEM Family Nights!
Modifications for younger students:
Allow students to hold the string closer to the ball
Start with the ball already raised off the ground
Use a heavier or smaller ball
Modifications for older students:
Require students to hold the string from the very end
Use a lighter ball that will fall easier
Place the second ring up or down a flight of stairs
Add a hula hoop! Before lowering to the second ring, students must pass the hula hoop through every person while keeping one hand on the string at all times. Sounds impossible, but it can be done!
Activity 2: Tower Challenge
Tower challenges are a classic STEM icebreaker! Remember that this is a Stage 1 activity that is meant to build foundational STEM skills before diving into the engineering design process. My go-to back to school challenge is this Pipecleaner Tower Challenge with a twist. Students build towers using only pipecleaners, but they are forced to work together with new constraints added along the way. Additional tower challenge ideas:
Activity 3: Helium Stick
Have you ever heard of the helium stick challenge? We tried this last year in Space Club, and it was a big hit! Groups of 6 - 14 students form two lines and work as a team to lower a long stick. This activity is much harder than it sounds! Here are the steps:
Find a long stick. A flexible stick or pole makes it harder. We use straws that are taped together (one straw per person).
Students form 2 lines facing each other.
Everyone holds arms out and points index fingers.
Lay straw stick across everyone's fingers.
Adjust finger heights until stick is horizontal and everyone's fingers are touching the stick.
The challenge: Lower the stick to the ground! Rules include:
Everyone's fingers must be in contact with the stick AT ALL TIMES. Must restart if someone loses contact.
No pinching or grabbing the stick
You will notice that instead of the stick going down, it will "magically" start to move upward! And of course the stick does not contain helium. The secret is that the collective upward pressure created by everyone's fingers tends to be greater than the weight of the stick. As a result, the more a group tries, the more the stick tends to 'float' upwards
We also recommend our growing bundle of STEM Icebreaker Challenges for 2nd - 9th graders. This set includes 23 of our favorite basic STEM challenges that are low-cost and low-prep for any classroom!
If you are ready to include more in-depth STEM challenges in the new school year, we recommend our 6 Starter STEM Challenges. From catapults to cars to an egg drop challenge, this is all you need to get started in STEM! Each activity has an in-depth student activity sheet along with a guide through the engineering design process. Materials are cheap, but the learning is fun, hands-on, and engaging!